The National Association of Stock Car Auto Racing had not been operating all that long [and its signature superspeedway even less time] when the sanctioning body had the ill fortune to experience it's biggest crash in its history. They throw around the term "the big one" pretty loosely today, but the actual big one came along in 1960, the second year that their major racing events had been moved from the Beach Course to the 2.5 mile, high - banked Daytona International Speedway.

         I have long felt [and expounded] that February is the wrong time to hold its premier event. Furthermore, NASCAR has never been very smart about allowing totally inexperienced drivers to race on the big track during those February Speedweeks. There's a list of drivers - mostly from somewhere other than the deep South, who had died running Daytona in Fenruary. They were damned lucky no one died in that wreck that occurred during the Modified - Sportsman race in 1960, when the big one occurred.

                                                      

         Drivers come to Daytona Speedweeks from all over the U.S., and the Modified - Sportsman race [later called Permatex for a while] hauled in a pretty wide range of levels of experience and ability [not to mention resources]. The cars in that 1960 race were something to behold. They ranged from fairly sophisticated Southeastern late model modifieds that included some superspeedway aerodynamic work and great engines, to cars coming in with the bodies actually sporting rust. Then, too, that year, they still allowed teams to come in pre - WWI cars and some post war cars that weren't much more suitable.

                                                     

       So it was that drivers from Missouri and Nevada would run the track with teams like Banjo Matthews' 49, with its big name sponsor M. L. Joseph out of Delaware. Ray Fox would field a car for the already - legendary Glenn "Fireball" Roberts, with all the resources that team had [and they would be running the Daytona 500 soon after with equal advantage. Future and present Grand National regulars like Bobby Johns of Miami, Elmo Langley of Virginia, and many more were in the field. Southeastern modified regulars such as Carl Burris, Bubba Farr, and others also held a big edge over the "outsiders". It is really uncertain how muc hthe threatening weather [that eventually caused a rain delay] played, but the inexperience of so many of those in the field definetly played a role.             

      Drivers such as the defending modified or sportsman national champions had guaranteed spots in the field, as well as other from all over who had eeither qualifed through actual speed or who had acquired some sort of established starting spot. I can find no list of who was in the race or how they actually finished; but, suffice it say, the field was a mix of "who's who" and "who the hell is that" ? Wendell Scott, by that time, was a who's who; Montreal tough guy sportsman driver Dick Foley was a who's that ?.

                                                     

       Leaksville, Va's Carl Burris had captured the pole, with Banjo Matthews alongside. It is not clear who started right behind them; I do know FOley qualified 16th, and - not far behind him - were the likes of Larry Frank [a Southern 500 winner], Connecticut's Ed Flemke, and Missourian Al Hager. Apparently as the cars came off the fourth turn from their first lap, Dick Foley bobbled, eventually correcting himself. But, cars right behind him [perhaps lacking the experience to know how to do an evasive maneuver on such a fast, banked track, made moves to avoid Foley and spun. Franks, Hager, and Flemke were in that firrt group of avoiders who spun, ingniting the worst crash fest seen up to then and - for the most part - since then.

      As "Nascarman" states in an excellent article written in 2016, most cars spun down, into the rapidly clogging infield. Others, who tried to move up the banking either flipped, cleaned other cars off the track, or both. The cars just kept coming, piling in, flipping, spinning around or [in a few cases] finding a tiny path through the carnage. When the dust finally settled, at least 38 cars were either rendered undrivable or somehow damged. They ranged from cars like that of Stan Kross, which was unrecognizable. The Gil Cramer Lazy 15, from near Buffalo,NY, was torn apart front and back. Cars like the coupe of 1961 NASCAR National Sportsman co - Champion Dick Nephew, from the Canadian border in New York, had minor damage and returned to a decent finish. Foley actually finished 10th after his mischief.

      I also want to thank "gary24fan" for his help in obtaining the results of this race.

                                                     

THE BEGINNING OF THE RACE, PRE - WRECK


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Some of the head of the field begins to roll out, off pit row. Car 24, Joe Weatherly finished 8th; car 40, Stan Kross was in the wreck.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Car 77 rolls out, off pit row. This is Joe Lee Johnson.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Car 70, Jim Parsely  begins to roll out off pit row. It would be heavily damaged in the crash.


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The '40 Ford Coupe 59 of Reds Kagle heads out. I think it got turned over in the wreck.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
A Studebaker would also be
clobbered in the Big One.
Either Joe Hatcher or Ed Flemke.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Future Firestone tire dealer Gene White rolls off in car 78.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Joe Weatherly's #24 '54 Ford goes past the official to the track. The slightly more rounded 54's and
53's were popular at this time.


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Ford #21, The WIld Indian Roy Tyner, goes out ahead of Joe Weatherly's #24 '54 Ford.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Donnie Allison's #68 Ford goes out beside Larry Frank's fastback 1953 Plymouth #30.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Several cars seemed to need a push past the official to the track.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Banjo Matthews is outside
Carl Burris on the parade lap.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
One of the coupes on the parade lap,
behind Larry Thomas.


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Starting field behind the 1960 Buick pace car.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Field forming and getting up to speed on one of the parade laps.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Eventual winner Bubba Farr lurks in fourth on the parade laps.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Western NY driver Billy Rafter in the coupe, out on the track.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Banjo Matthews, Carl Burris, and
Bubba Farr get up to speedd on the parade laps.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Matthews, Burris, and Farr are now joined by Fireball Roberts and the 50 of Johnny Thompson.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The lead pack is now joined by The Golden Greek, Emmanuel Zervakis, in the 85.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
In this shot, split seconds after the crash has begun farther back, the blurry black '57 Chevy in the back of this bunch may be Bob Foley, whose bobble caused the wreck. If he hadn't done it. very likely somebody would have. Many of the field lacked superspeedway experiemce.

 

                                                     

EARLY RACE LAPS AND ACTUAL WRECK ACTION


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The field takes green. The great discrpancy in level of car is evident in how badly the field is already strung out.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Carl Burris gets out to what would
be a very brief lead. The hot car of
chooice seemed to be the 1954 Ford.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The first pack begins to take off. I can make car 8 of Bill DeCoster, who would have one of the most spectacular crashes at Daytona
years later.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The lead pack is well on its way to distancing from the next bunch.


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
First time around,Banjo is Already ahead of Burris.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Within a few laps, Fireball Roberts is right up to Matthews, with the Ray Fox 22. He was clearly faster.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Thewreck can be seen beginning in the distance. Foley is the white car seen sideways just ahead of the plume of white smoke. Others think Foley's car was black.

Source: Lorraine LaBelle
via Pascal Cote
Bob Foley, in a '57 Chevy similar to
the one he would have had at Daytona. Ironically, Dick Nephew, who got caught up in the big wreck, is seen behind Foley in the coupe 6 7/8. This is in Canada. His car in the race was a #66.

 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Very early in the wreck. Even the
white car that is out ahead got hit later when he made the mistake of slowing.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The two tone car in the earliest of spinning is the 30 of Larry Frank, whose superspeedway experience at Darlington did him little good here. The then - unscathed white car is now beginning to lose it.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Frank almost corrects the fastback Plymouth as car 23, Curtis "Crawfish" Crider gets by on the apron.


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The #59 coupe of Maryland's Reds Kagle and the #56 of New Jerseyite Wally Dallenbach look for an escape. Kagle would finish 42nd, but Wally would claim 24th.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Billy Rafter's coupe now enters the fray as Dallenbach barely misses wrecking cars ahead.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The #7 '57 Ford of Johnny Roberts [seen spinning inthe foreground of the 2 preceeding photos] has now been hit twice in the space of about
one second.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
All hell is breaking loose, as cars
really don't know where to go.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The #40 of Stan Kroos [seen as the 2nd car from right] rolls after piling into Frank Rubitz's 95, from Pennsyl.

 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
More cars collect each other. But Larry Flynn's 14 and Bobby Johns' 72 remain safe.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The banking dumps most of the cars into the infield, which is rapidly running out of parking space.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The white car seen just above the mess involving car 95 actually fel down into that infield mess, missed everything, and sswerved back out onto the track- keeping the car under control. No idea who it was.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Stan Kross, the driver of car 40, which was left upside down in the midst of the chaos, makes a run for it. Later, other drivers would scour the car, thinking he was still in there.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The unscathed car in the foreground
[Dickie Blackwell} begins to sneak further into the infield for shelter. The #2 of Wilbur Flowers is also seen.

 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
With all that is happening, the 72A
of Miami's Bobby Johns is
spared any significant contact. 14 is
Larry Flynn, and Hooker Hood appears to be getting through in the black car behind Johns, but he only ended up running four laps.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The 1937 Chevy coupe of soon - to - be 1960 NASCAR National Sportsman Champion Bill Wimble [33] is seen, backwards just above car 14. He missed getting hit and finished 12th.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The 1937 Ford coupe of Dick Nephew, who wpould tie Wimble for 1961 NASCAR National Sportsman Championship, is seen right above Wimble's 33 - about the shove a spinning car aside.
  
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Perhaps the only pre WWII sedan in the field is seen getting by on the top at far right.

 

                                                     

IMMEDIATE POST WRECK PHOTOS


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The stunned driver Bill Wark is helped away. His car was on its side after being struck by the 95 car of Frank Rubitz. He has 10 on his shirt but I think he got out of 25.


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
People pitch in to help right the
car 25 once the driver is out.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Stunned drivers meet briefly behind
the 64 of Earl Balmer, from Floyd Knobs, IND.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Balmer's car. Rough day for the future GN star and pace car driver.


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Car 25 is back on its wheels. This was driven by Bill Wark.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Ambulances head out.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Spectators react to the crash.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Over in the spectator area, people rush to the fence. That might be the Dick Nephew yellow coupe in the background. 

 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Jim Parsley's Car 70, seen going out in one of the shots above, sits on another car, the 12 of Will Cagle. 
  
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
This car smoked heavily but didn't burst into flame. 
  
Getty Images
Ralph Earnhardt's car. There is another 38 seen, being worked on, but it doesn't look like Ralph's car. [big mystery].
  
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Drivers looked frantically for the pilot of the car 40, Stan Kross. He had escaped.  Frank Rubitz's 95 is seen.
  
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
A fireman crouches, at the ready, with a fire extinguisher as they right the car 40. 
  
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Off car 40 goes, as it had landed too close to the racing surface to be left there.

  
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Off car 40 goes, as it had landed too close to the racing surface to be left there. 
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
This Alabama - based Studebaker 42 of Joe Hatcher is removed. It is shown hopefully leaving pit road in a photo above. 
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
What appears to be debris lies beside one of tfhe wrecks.
 
Source: Brian Simpson Collection
The fastback of Larry Frank on the hook.  

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are


 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
A man shakes his heads as he looks at what is left of the Gil Cramer and Cam Gagliardi's Lazy 15 [a team from near Bufflao, NY]. Car 21 behind, doesn't appear in race results. It and this Lazy 15 may have been stored here as qualifying failures.
  
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Gil Cramer and Cam Gagliardi's Lazy 15 [a team from near Bufflao, NY] got it on both ends. It is likely this car was wrecked prior to the race as it doen't appear in the results. 
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Gil Cramer and Cam Gagliardi's Lazy 15 [a team from near Bufflao, NY] got it on both ends.
 
Source: Pascal Cote
Someone photographed the whole
car, as it sat abandoned. I don't know the driver was that day. Could it have been wrecked in practice ? It doesn't appear in final results.
  
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
A policeman looks at the Earl Balmer car in disbelief.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
As soon as allowed, crewmen get the Bobby Johns car back to their pit area.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The camera looks inside one of the wrecked cars. Shattered windshield glass is evident.

                                                     

IMMEDIATE POST WRECK ACTION AND WORK


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The Missouri - based 43 car of Al Hagergetting a little repair.


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The Missouri - based 43 car of Al Hager prepares to go back out. He managed to run 15 laps.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
And off he goes !

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Work on Car 38. Check out the sophisitcated body work on the door. That was original. 38 was supposedly
Ralph Earnhardt, but it doesn't look the car he overturned.


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Car 38 work continues.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The 38 car almost ready to head out. [Whoever it is]
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The badly damaged car 95,
immediately after the crash.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

The badly dmaaged car 95,
headed somewhere. It ran
no more laps.

 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The 1961 NASCAR National Sportsman Co-Champion Dick Nephew comes in with his Ford coupe. A Nephew relative raises the hood.


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
NY driver and mechanic extraordinaire Ed Pieniazek works
 on the  Nephew wheel. Pieniazewk was probably there with the #37 of Jeep Herbert.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Soon - to - be four - time NASCAR National Sportsman Champion Rene Charland leans in at top left to help with the Nephew repairs. He apparently did not qualify for the race.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Ed Pieniazek looks for something as
the work on Nephew's yellow 6 wraps up.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
 Nephew's yellow 6 comes back again for a quick look.......
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
... and he was sent back out
withour coming to a stop.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Meanwhile, they continue to tow off crippled cars. We see this car 70 in a photo above, coming out for the
start of the races.
   


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
A disgusted driver with an apparent broken nose returns to his pit.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Cars unaffected by the crash had to wait on the track for permission
to hit the pits.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Cars continue to be towed out of the way. This is Carl Tyler's 10.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The firemen were kept busy - between the initial wrecks and the frenzied repairs with torches.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
A car circles the track during the post wreck lining up, past less fortunate cars.  Martin Sharper's #88
Plymouth is see, along with the Larry Thomas 92.

 

                                                     

POST WRECK RESTART AND ACTION


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
The top cars wait on the grid for restart. These include Banjo Matthews' 49, Fireball Roberts' 22 [Ray Fox], the Burris car, and Bubba Farr's 81.


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Meanwhile frantic activity in the garage and on pit row. The Ford of either Elmo Langley or Dick Blackwell occupies the first space.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Johnstown, PA based Frank Rubitz bring a a badly damaged Chevy back to the garage.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Rubitz signals to turn into the garage area off pit road. Ahead, a cooupe heads back out.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Sonny Black's modiified coupe #80 in the post wreck parade lap in front of Lee Petty.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Gene White's #78 Chevy on the post wreck parade lap.


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Curtis Crider follows White.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Bill DeCoster's 8 goes by.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Emmanuel Zervakis in the 85..

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Not long after race resumption,
Banjo is seen pitting.



Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Not long after race resumption, the Banjo Matthews car slowed, pitted, and was pushed back to the garage

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Not long after race resumption, the Banjo Matthews car slowed, pitted, and was pushed back to the garage.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
A doubly didsgusted Banjo. He was not only the driver but the main wrench.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
Fireball Roberts would now have the
race all to himself in the Ray Fox Ford.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

The camera catches fans booking it for thier cars as the rains come all at once.

 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

A rain - soaked official holds what looks like a red flag. Pits are closed.

 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
These crewmen share aa pit board for shelter. No fancy double stack haulers to go to in those days.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

The cars out on the track leave rooster tails of water.
 
Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Cars come out of the pits, by the iconic Pure sign, while the track is still wet.


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

The
race is restarted for the second time.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Carl Burris led the race on at least one or two occasions.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Car owner Ray Fox holds up a sign as now Fireball Roberts was in the lead.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Car owner Ray Fox now realizes Fireball Roberts was in the lead but hasn't been seen for a while.


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Tiny Lund, with not much to lose, pushes the stalled Ray Fox 22 with Fireball aboard back to pit row.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

A very disappointed owner Ray Fox.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Marion "Bubba" Farr, who had been fast all day, was now the leader. His car owner or crew chief has just realized this.


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Marion "Bubba" Farr, who had been fast all day, was now the leader. His car owner or crew chief has just realized this.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Fureball had pitted under caution in the rain. That might have been an omen.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Lund finishes the push job on Roberts. This was three years before Lund became famous by taking over the Wood brothers 21 for a race.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Farr's pit urges him to conserve the car.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Lee Petty chased Burris in some of the closing laps. Burris manged a great 2nd place finish and Lee placed
7th.


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Bubba Farr was alone in the lead. The only thing now was if the car would hold up.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Bubba Farr comes up pon Elmo Langley [1] and Emmanuel Zervakis.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Farr continued to eat up and spit out the field. Here he blasts past the usually speedy Emmanuel Zervakis.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Cars fly by a drainage ditch, filled from the rains.


Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Second running Burris comes up to lap Donnie Allison towards the end.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

The checkers fall on what seemed like a jinxed race. Farr had won.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Farr enjoys the cool down lap.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Farr head into what served
as Victory Lane back then.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are

Tired but happy, Bubba Farr sits on the car. The Atlanta diner owner had survived the race in a fast manner.

                                                     

SOME EXTRA PHOTOS FOUND ONLINE
No Particular Order


Getty Images
Two cars that were not covered by the 8MM movies: 19, Jimmy Mairs and 01, Sonny Palmer.

Getty Images
The Gagliardi/Cramer car - before it was recovered to the pits. This car and this photo are perhaps the most iconic images of this huge crash - filled race.


Getty Images
Another angle on the 01 crash area. The Earl Balmer 64 is seen near Palmer's 01.

SS _Auto.com Photo
Firemen mill around the wrecked 40 [upside down] and the 95 behind.

Getty Images

Ray Fox shows off the favored Ford of Fireball Roberts. The car fell out, leaving the race to Bubba Farr. He did go back out and finish fairly well.

 
From Dan Ody's 8MM
 Old Speedways DVD's
Howard "Jeep" Herbert of Rotterdam, NY drove the AC Caprara 37 in the race.
 
From Dan Ody's 8MM
 Old Speedways DVD's
Howard "Jeep" Herbert, at speed. He finished 21st.
 
From Pascal Cote
The entry of Bill Wimble - the Dave McCredy -owned, Fred Decarr - wrenched CHevy coupe. Wimble would finish 12th and earn 880 points on the way to winning the 1960 NASSCAR National Sportsman championship.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
A good look at Rene Charland, leaning over Ed Pieniazek, helping with Dick Nephew's pit stop. Nephew had a minor collision in the big wreck and finished - but well down the finish order. Rene apparently didn't have a ride for this race.

Source: 8MM Movies
No Idea Whose They Are
A better look at the #42 Studebaker of Joe Hatcher. The car had a big
"Cunningham" ad on the side.

                                                     

 

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